讲座：Empowering the Elderly -- the Effect of Pensions on Eldercare Behaviors
题 目：Empowering the Elderly -- the Effect of Pensions on Eldercare Behaviors
嘉 宾：Naijia Guo, Assistant Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong
主持人：李淑雯 助理教授 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院经济系
时 间：2020年9月16日（周三） 14:30-16:00
The elderly in rural China have low incomes and savings and, as a result of social norms, they rely heavily on the eldercare provided by sons. We explore the variation in timing of the New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS) across counties and analyze how this pension provision affects a series of outcomes related to eldercare over the life cycle. Using a difference-in-differences framework, we find three different but coherent findings: 1) married sons become less likely to live with and take care of their parents, but married daughters do not; 2) parents provide a lower brideprice to their sons when they get married, but the dowry provided to daughters remains unaffected; and 3) the sex ratio is less biased than was previously the case. Our results suggest that the pension empowers the elderly by shifting the eldercare mode from informal care provided by sons to market care.
Dr. Naijia Guo is an assistant professor in the department of economics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Dr. Guo’s research interests are labor economics and family economics, with focus on structural estimation and program evaluation. Her research covers a wide range of topics, education, job search, eldercare, migration, etc. Before joining the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Dr. Guo received a Ph.D. in economics from University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. in finance from Peking University.