讲座：Exporting, Abatement, and Firm-Level Emissions: Evidence from China's Accession to the WTO
题 目：Exporting, Abatement, and Firm-Level Emissions: Evidence from China's Accession to the WTO
嘉 宾：谭 用 副教授 南京财经大学
主持人：徐 玏 助理教授 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院
地 点：上海交通大学 徐汇校区安泰楼A407室
This paper studies the complementarity between exporting and abatement and their joint impact on the environmental performance of Chinese manufacturers. For two common air pollutants (SO_2 and industrial dust) we document that (a) exporters are significantly less emissions-intensive relative to their non-exporting counterparts and (b) this difference cannot be explained by differential rates of abatement alone. We argue that the standard heterogeneous firms, trade and emissions model cannot simultaneously match these stylized facts and propose a model which allows for export-driven emission-complementarities (such as technological upgrading). Treating WTO-accession as a sharp reduction in trade barriers across countries, we quantify the impact of endogenous export and abatement decisions on firm-level emissions. We find that exporting reduces emissions by at least 36 percent across pollutants. Observable changes in product scope, capital-vintage, energy sourcing and R&D account for 75 percent of the empirical relationship between exporting and emissions. Abatement, in contrast, has a much smaller impact on emissions between 1999 and 2005. Using the structural model we quantify the implied emissions taxes and the impact of trade and environmental policy alternatives on the Chinese manufacturing sector.
Yong Tan is an associate professor in Nanjing University of Finance and Economics. Yong Tan Obtained his PHD degree in Vanderbilt University (2013). He worked in Nanjing University (2013-2017) as an assistant professor, and is working in Nanjing University of Finance and Economics (2017-now) as an associated professor. Yong Tan’s Research fields include International trade, industrial organization, and has published paper in international economic review, journal of economic behavior & organization, review of international economics, southern journal of economics, world economy，china economic review, contemporary policy, etc.